Understanding Difference between Skin Cancer Mesothelioma

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Understanding Difference between Skin Cancer Mesothelioma: According to the Skin Cancer Foundation, more than ten thousand people fall victim to skin cancer in the U.S. on an annual basis.

This means that one out of five Americans is liable to developing skin cancer within their lifetime.

With millions of people being diagnosed with skin cancer each year, the need for understanding this malady i.e. its types, causes, symptoms and treatment options, has become quite necessary.

Although rare, mesothelioma is a serious cancer that results from asbestos exposure, occurring in the thin tissue that shields most of the human body’s internal organs.

This type of cancer takes twenty to fifty years to progress, appearing in the linings of the heart, chest, abdomen, and lungs.

Being a deadly and aggressive form of cancer, mesothelioma does not consist of benign (noncancerous) tumor occurring within the chest.

It is sometimes referred to as solitary fibrous tumor or benign mesothelioma.

Skin Cancer Mesothelioma
Skin Cancer Mesothelioma

Understanding Difference between Skin Cancer Mesothelioma

Causes of Skin Cancer

Skin cancer is regarded as the most common form of cancer in the United States where millions of Americans are afflicted with the disease each year (with the number rising quite rapidly).

However, if diagnosed at an earlier stage, it can be rather easy to treat.

On the other hand, if the cancer is allowed to spread, it can lead to disfigurement.

Basically, skin cancer refers to the uninhibited growth of skin cells that are abnormal.

This usually happens when the skin cells’ damaged DNA (caused through ultraviolet radiation resulting from tanning beds or sunshine) is left un-repaired.

This leads to triggering of mutation – genetic defects –causing the cells to grow rapidly, thus forming cancerous tumors.

Skin Cancer Types and Symptoms

Skin cancer is divided into two main forms, i.e. melanoma and non-melanoma.

Melanoma

Melanoma may initiate in tissue that’s heavily pigmented, like a birthmark or mole, and generally pigmented skin as well.

Usually, melanoma appears mainly on the back, chest, or extremities, although it can arise on the foot’s sole, the under a toenail or fingernail, in the eye, the palm or even in the mucus linings of the anus, vagina, or the mouth.

Melanoma is potentially life-threatening due to its aggressiveness.

It is easily detectable and can be treated within earlier stages of growth.

However, due to its speedy growth, compared to other forms of skin cancer, it can affect other parts of the body as well, along with the brain or bones.

Non-Melanoma

Squamous cell carcinoma and basal cell carcinoma – most common forms of skin cancer after melanoma – are both referred to as non-melanoma skin cancers are seldom life-threatening.

These are usually curable along with being detectable.

Basal cell carcinoma has the slowest growth (accounting for most of the skin cancers).

Squamous cell carcinoma on the other hand is somewhat aggressive with the tendency to spread.

Also, there are some rare non-melanomas, like Kaposi’s sarcoma.

This is a possibly life-threatening cancer categorized through purple growths in combination with an inhibited immune system – usually seen in the elderly or patients suffering from AIDS.

Facts about Skin Cancer

Each year, more cases of skin cancer appear compared to the combined occurrence of lung, colon, prostate and breast cancers.

From 1992 to 2006, non-melanoma cancer treatments have increased by 77%.

In the U.S., over 3.5 million cases of skin cancer are diagnosed in more than 2 million people on an annual basis.

Half of the adult population has reported one sunburn at the very least within the past year.

One out of five Americans is liable to developing skin cancer within their lifetime.

Around 90% of the non-melanoma cancers are linked to UV (ultraviolet) radiation coming from the sun.

Once you’ve understood what skin cancer is and how it should be dealt with, living a healthy life will become much easier and you’ll always know when to protect your skin from developing malignant diseases.

Mesothelioma – Types of mesothelioma

Mesothelioma is a mesothelioma – a thin membrane lubricating and protecting various body cavities like the abdomen and chest – cancer with the following types:

Peritoneal Mesothelioma

This mesothelioma cancer occurs around the abdomen, accounting for twenty percent of entire diagnoses.

Pericardial Mesothelioma

Being exceptionally rare, this mesothelioma cancer surrounds the heart and often appears in combination with pleura mesothelioma.

Pleura Mesothelioma

This mesothelioma cancer surrounds the lungs and chest, accounting for seventy five percent of all diagnoses as majority of the asbestos fibers enter the lungs through inhalation.

Symptoms of Mesothelioma

Peritoneal

  • Vomiting/nausea
  • Abdominal pain
  • Seizures (reported in 10% of the patients)
  • Ascites
  • Weight loss
  • General fatigue
  • Bowel irregularity
  • Weight loss
  • Breathing difficulty
  • Fever
  • Chest pain
  • Irregular heartbeat
  • Heart murmurs
  • General fatigue
  • Weight loss
  • Persistent chest pain
  • General fatigue
  • Effusions
  • Difficulty swallowing
  • Shortness of breath
  • Persistent dry cough

Pericardial

  • Weight loss
  • Breathing difficulty
  • Fever
  • Chest pain
  • Irregular heartbeat
  • Heart murmurs
  • General fatigue

Pleural

  • Weight loss
  • Persistent chest pain
  • General fatigue
  • Effusions
  • Difficulty swallowing
  • Shortness of breath
  • Persistent dry cough

Causes of Mesothelioma

Almost exclusively, mesothelioma is linked to persistent exposure to asbestos.

Due to its ability to resist heat and provide insulation, naturally occurring asbestos became quite popular in the twentieth century.

The fibers of this mineral can be ingested or inhaled and lodged within the human body, being rather difficult to expel.

In the majority of cases, the asbestos fibers reach the mesothelioma (membrane) surrounding the chest and lungs referred to as the pleura.

There are other cases where the fibers are ingested and then end up in the abdomen and stomach, i.e. the peritoneal lining.

Over time, the pleura region is disturbed by these collected fibers leading to genetic damage and the growth of scar tissue.

Also, this causes normal cells to replicate constantly, becoming abnormal.

Risk Factors of Mesothelioma

Since the usage of this toxic substance is so vast, great deals of people tend to be exposed to asbestos.

Individuals working in insulation manufacturing, factories, or shipbuilding, involved in installing or removing it are at a greater risk of developing this malady.

Mesothelioma Treatment Options

Mesothelioma treatment varies in accordance to the type of cancer, i.e. peritoneal, pericardial or pleural.

Available treatment options:

Surgery – only available for the initial two stages, provides extended life

Radiation – cancerous cells are targeted with high radiation levels

Chemotherapy – medication slowly kills growth by circulating the bloodstream

Multimodal – different treatments are combine together

Clinical trials – for patients considering additional options

Alternative medicine – help patients in recovery, examples include acupuncture, yoga and meditation

Prevention is the key to averting any disease.

Be it your workplace or home; always try to follow safety precautions when dealing asbestos.