Rome was once the centre of a vast empire that spread thousands of kilometres. While many of the empire’s cities have fallen and artifacts from the era have been destroyed, some are still intact in Rome. This makes Rome a perfect destination for those interested in the history of the Roman Empire, and a trip there lets you experience the ancient architecture and understand the Roman way of life 2,000 years ago…
Preparing for Your Arrival
Before you can explore the rich history of Rome, you must first plan your trip. Consider how you will arrive, where you would like to stay and what you would like to do during your visit. Even if you are not quite ready to make your purchase, start reviewing the price of tickets and accommodations now. Book your airfare and a place to stay in Rome as far in advance as possible.
Generally speaking, the sooner you make your reservations, the cheaper it will be. This is especially true if you will be going during the high season, which is June through August.
During these months, airfare and accommodations will be more expensive. Easter is also a very busy time of the year in Rome, and although you might find somewhere to stay, I would still suggest that you go outside of this holiday to really be able to enjoy your time there.
Essential Historical Sites to Experience
There is an overwhelming number of places to visit in Rome, but to break it down for you, here are some unique and captivating historical sites I recommend:
Easily the most recognizable and famous historical monument in Rome, this was once the world’s largest amphitheater. Gladiators, lions and criminals were pitted against each other for the entertainment of the emperor and citizens. It has been well-maintained and offers regular tours, allowing you to see the arena that once hosted life-or-death battles.
As the birthplace of this ancient city, Palatine Hill is home to dozens of historical sites. From ancient buildings to sacrificial alters, you will be able to absorb the earliest history of Rome in this single location. The foundation myth of Rome states that the city was founded in 753 B.C. by the twins Romulus and Remus, and they are enshrined throughout this landmark. As the oldest historical site in the city, simply setting foot on the grounds imparts a sense of awe.
One of Rome’s lesser-known historical sites, it is also one of its best preserved. Ostia Antica was the port of ancient Rome, and this gateway traces its roots to the 4th century B.C. Ancient military camps, temples and the Baths of Neptune are all located in this well-preserved area.
This museum is home to hundreds of artifacts of Rome’s extensive history — from the Renaissance, medieval and ancient periods. With so much history in the multi-building complex, this is a must-see for those looking to relive the history of Rome.
Perhaps the second most popular historical landmark in the city, Circus Maximus was once the largest primary sports stadium. This arena hosted the famous chariot races and was capable of holding 150,000 spectators.
Explore Unrivaled History
The Roman Empire was the world’s first civilization of its size. It spread all the way from Europe to the Middle East. It originated technology and ideas that we still use today, such as roads and some schools of mathematics. Rome was a centre of commerce and knowledge for centuries. Fortunately, due to pristinely preserved monuments and historical artifacts, you can still experience the rich history of this once-great Empire.
About the Author: Mike Henderson is a contributing writer and historian. He considers Rome one of the best locations in the world to explore ancient history.